Answer: Puppet is an open source management tool for automating and managing the provisioning, configuration and deployment of software and systems in a network.
Q2. What is the importance of the puppet?
Answer: Some of the main features of Puppet are:
- Transaction based code definition notifications
- Client-server architecture
- Powerful control engine
- Simple and extensible architecture
- Support for many running tasks and applications
Q3. What is manifested in Puppet?
Answer: The manifest is a configuration file written as a Puppet manifest that defines the desired state of a system or application. Notifications are used to configure and manage a target's resources.
Q4. How does Puppet provide the best possible control state?
Answer: Puppet uses a client-server architecture where a Puppet client runs on the target and communicates with the Puppet master server to retrieve and apply the required configuration. The Puppet master server maintains a list of resources compiled by user instructions and their desired state.
Q5. Can you explain the role modules in Puppet?
Answer: A module is a collection of declarations, templates, and documents created in a model to perform a particular function or control a particular service. Modules allow for reusability and the ability to manage complex processes.
Q6. What is Hiera in Puppet?
Answer: Hiera is a key-value lookup tool used in Puppet to separate configuration data from results.
Hiera allows users to define data in a hierarchical structure that is then used by notifications to configure resources.
Q7. How to do puppet support version control?
Answer: Puppet provides support for version control using Git or other version control systems. Manifestations and other configuration files can be stored in Git repositories and managed using standard Git workflows.
Q8. What are the resource in Puppet?
Answer: A resource is a simple Hive in Puppet that represents resources such as files, packages, services, or users. Resources are managed by Puppet to ensure they are in the state the user wants them to be.
Q9. What's Facter in Puppet?
Answer: Facter is a tool in Puppet that collects and provides information about a target, such as hardware details, network configuration, and performance information. The fact file can be used in the manifest to set the source.
Q10. How does the Puppet integrate with other vehicles and machines?
Answer: Puppet can be integrated with other tools and systems through various plugins and modules. It provides APIs and interfaces for integration with tools like Puppet, Jenkins, Docker, and AWS.